This is how fast your shutter goes up and down in your camera and this controls the movement. You could have a slow shutter speed like 1/30 and this would create blur in your image. A pigeon flying through the air would have blur in its wing or if someone was spinning! A fast shutter speed like 1/400 would stop or trap motion so someone who is walking or running would not have any blur.
You can go very fast at 1/3000 and this would even stop water droplets in the air. One thing to watch out for is the faster you go the less light is being let in. If it is too dark then increase your ISO.
This is how big or small the hole in your lens is and is controlling the depth of field. On the camera it is the F-stop. Low number = low depth of field (F 2.8) this creates the blur behind the focus point. (portraits) High number = high depth of field (F 16/F18/F20) makes it sharp throughout the image. (landscapes)
How sensitive the camera is to light. However the higher the number the quality decreases and you start to get grain in the image.
100 = not sensitive eg. if it was a sunny day outside.
1600 = more sensitive and you would use it in a low lighting situation where you don’t want to use flash eg. inside a dark church
Day time/street photography:
Remember to have a fast enough shutter speed so you don’t get blurry pictures! Having it on shutter priority can be helpful and then you know the image will be sharp. If there is low lighting put your ISO up. Your average shutter speed is 1/125
When you are wanting to be more in control of the depth of field (eg. to create a blur behind your subject with a low F stop) having it on Aperture priority gives you that control. You will decide the F stop (eg. F4 for a low depth of field) and the camera will do the rest for you.
White balance: Cloud/shade can warm up the image giving it an orange/sepia effect whereas sunny gives you cooler and perhaps more realistic tones. Incandescent/tungsten (the light bulb) and fluorescent are for artificial lighting and can be used in night photography.
Composition and Ideas
1) Fill the frame
2) Perspective-something in the foreground
3) Make the viewer look twice-give the idea of something. You don’t have to take the entire square just a part of it.
4) Look for lines, shapes, patterns, repetitions and diagonals
5) Move your feet, get in close on your subject
6) Reflections, they are everywhere!
7) Set up your background and wait until your subject comes into the frame. This could be a boulangerie, an interesting door, or anything. You may have to wait a while for the ‘right’ subject but it would be worth it.
8) Simplify the picture, maybe what you are looking at are two or even three photos.
9) Leading lines that will take the viewer through the image
10) Don’t be afraid to tilt the camera to line up with the line…a lamp post to make it look straight
Basic Photography Tips by Hermoine McCosh at Better Paris Photos
Photography by Rochelle Carr/Urban Backpacker
Definition of Urban Backpacker:
1. Of, relating to, or located in a city.
2. Backpacker redefined: Artful reviews that lead you from hidden budget gems to five-star destinations helping you find palate pleasing adventure, enjoyment, and story collection.
3. Pack bag. Travel there. See city. Eat food. Respect culture. Take picture. Share story. Be thankful. Repeat.